Buldana district consist of 13 blocks, out of which 7 blocks viz. Jalgaon Jamod, Sangrampur, Shegaon, Khamgaon, Nandura, Malkapur & Motala comes under operational area of this KVK. Buldana district comes under Central Plateau Zone with Regional Research Station at Auranganbad. The zone was sanctioned by ICAR on 30th June 1984 which comes under the working jurisdiction of Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola. Nearest NARP station is at Buldana, which is about 90km from KVK head quarter. Buldana district has three zones and five Agro Ecological Situations.
Agro Ecological Situations:
- AES I : The AES-I lies on the north-east part of the district with main characteristic of black cotton soil, high rainfall and hilly topography in another side. The blocks covered under this AES are Sangrampur (95%) and Jalgaon Jamod (70%). ‘Bilala’ dominates some part, which are separated from Madhyapradesh. The crops like cotton, wheat and gram grown in the area. The two villages Ekalara (BK) and Sungaon were selected for as representative of AES for data collection.
- AES II : This AES situated in west north direction of the district. The blocks covered by AES are Malkapur (100%), Nandura (100%), Shegaon (100%), Sangrampur (5%) and Khamgaon (15%). The main feature of AES are plain topography with saline soil called Kharpanpata. The major crops grown in this AES are cotton, gram and sunflower. For the data collection two representative villages are selected namely Nipana and Kalkhed.
- AES III : This AES situated in western side of the Buldana district. The blocks covered are Motala (100%), Buldana (100%) and Chikhali (30%). The Buldana and Chikhali are situated at high attitude as compared to Motala. The main feature of AES are hilly topography, medium to shallow soil. The major crops grown are cotton, jowar, maize, soyabean, wheat and gram. The horticultural crops custardapple, aonla and vegetable crops like, chilli, brinjal and tomoto are also grown in the AES.
- AES IV : AES IV comprise Mehkar (100%), Khamgaon (85%) and Chikhali (70%) blocks. This AES is situated in east side of the district. The main feature of AES-IV is assured rainfall, well irrigated, medium to shallow soils. The AES-IV has favourable weather condition for grape production in Chikhali block. The agricultural crops grown in this area and soybean, cotton, jowar maize in kharif and gram and wheat in Rabi season. The horticultural crops grown in this AES are grape, Guava, mango, custard apple and sweet orange. Chilli, onion, tomoto and onion seed production in case of vegetable are grown. For data collection of AES the two representative villages are selected namely, Nagzari and Hiwarkhed.
- AES V : The AES-V is characterized by hilly and undulating topography, medium to shallow soils and rainfed area covering Deulgaon Raja (100%), Sindkhed Raja (100%) and Lonar (100%) blocks. This AES is situated in south of the district. The major crops grown in Kharif are soyabean, Cotton, Jowar and wheat, gram, safflower in rabi season. The major horticulture crop santra is grown in this AES. The climate is favourable for custard apple and aonla and has wide scope in this AES.